Ten days of New Europan history continues. Today, we look at a list of events which occurred in 1874! Please bear in mind, this is a brief summary and certainly does not touch on every single possible event.
Political and Business Events of Consequence in 1874
- The Third Ango-Ashanti War between the British and Ashanti Empires ends.
- Benjamin Disraeli becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- The British Empire annexes the Fiji Islands.
- The Union Generale des Postes is established in Berne, Switzerland to standardize the postal systems of member countries.
- An attempt is made to assassinate Otto von Bismark as a protest against the Prussian Kulturkampf. However, the bullet strikes Bismark's clockwork hand and does no damage.
- During a series of protests by a Farmer-Brownie Alliance in Paris, one of the Brownie leaders of the movement is assassinated.
- A depression in the United States economy leads to the Tompkins Square Riot. The riot began as a protest demanding action by the government to create jobs through public works programs turned violent.
- Farm workers strike in Britian.
Theatrical and Literary Events of Consequence in 1874
- Thomas Hardy begins publishing "Far From the Maddening Crowd" anonymously.
- Victor Hugo publishes his last novel, "Ninety-Three", a thinly veiled criticism of the monarchy's handling of the Commune attacks in 1871.
- Paul Verlaine publishes "Romances sans parole", a series of poems written while he was in prison for shooting and wounding Arthur Rimbaud.
- "The Memoirs of Auberon of Faerie" are published. Rumor has it the biography is heavily edited.
- Enrst Haeckel publishes "Anthropogenie", a textbook on embryology which provides fuel for the Prussian Kulturkampf against the Catholic Church.
- Henry Sidgwick puslished "Methods of Ethics", which helps marry commonsense ethics with utilitarian ethics.
Artistic and Musical Events of Consequence in 1874
- The first Impressionist Exhibition is held in Paris at the studio of Nadar. It is organized, in part, at the behest of famed Pixie muse Triscaliam, after the Salon banished her by laying salt across the entrances and windows.
- Max Libermannn's "Women Plucking Geese" debuts.
- Renoir's "La Loge" debuts.
- Brahms' "Hungarian Dances" premieres.
- Gotz's "Der Widerspenstigen Zahmung" premieres in Mannheim.
- Moussorgsky's "Boris Godunov" premieres in St. Petersburg.
- Johann Strauss II's "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna.
- Verdi's "Requiem" premiers in Milan.
- Bizet's "Patrie Overture" premiers in Paris.
Scientific and Technological Events of Consequence in 1874
- Theodor Billroth discovers streptococci and staphylococci.
- Andrew Taylor Still founds the school of osteopathic medicine.
- Stanley travels down the Congo River.
- The Electric Streetcar is invented by Stephen Dudley Field.
Unusual Events of Consequence in 1874
- The Invisible Man escapes from British authorities and travels to Paris.
- Nemo is rumored to be building a city under the sea.
- Robur the Conquerer bombs Paris. It is rumored he is driven off due to the efforts of Arsene Lupin and an American woman.