Ten days of New Europan history continues. Today, we look at a list of events which occurred in 1879! Please bear in mind, this is a brief summary and certainly does not touch on every single possible event.
Political and Business Events of Consequence in 1879
- Anglo-Zulu War is fought.
- Alexander of Battenberg is elected Prince Alexander I of Bulgaria.
- The Treaty of Gabdamak officially ends the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
- Tewfik Pasha replaces his father, Ismail Pasha, as Khedive of Egypt.
- The Tay Bridge disaster in Scotland occurs. Fifty-nine known victims died, although only forty-six bodies were recovered.
- The War of the Pacific begins after Chile claims the Atacama Desert as territory, which is also claimed by Bolivia. Peru is drawn in as Bolivia's ally.
- The Le Train Blue (Orient Express) begins service from Calais to Rome.
Theatrical and Literary Events of Consequence in 1879
- Charles de Coster, Sorcerer, epic poet, and historical romanticist dies in Belgium.
- Henrik Ibsen's "A Doll's House" premieres, shocking the world with its frank depictions of the lack of opportunities for self-fulfillment suffered by many married women in the world.
- Henry James publishes "Daisy Miller".
- George Meredith publishes "The Egoist", another novel looking at the difficulties women face in modern society.
- Robert Louis Stevenson publishes "Travels with a Donkey", one of his earliest works, describing his twelve day journey hiking through the Cevennes mountains.
- August Strindberg publishes "The Red Room", a satire of Stockholm society.
- Juan Valera y Alcala-Galiano publishes Dona Luz.
- George Washington Cable publishes "Old Creole Days", a collection of his short stories depicting life in the Free State of New Orleans.
- Harrigan and Hart premiere "Mulligan's Guard's Ball" in New York.
Academic and Philosophical Events of Consequence in 1879
- Henry George publishes "Progress and Poverty".
- Robert Giffen publishes "Essay on Finance".
- The National Committee of Organised Labour is established to promote old-age pensions in Britian.
- The public is granted unrestricted admission to the British Museum for the first time.
Artistic and Musical Events of Consequence in 1879
- Bastien-Lepage debuts the "Portrait of Sarah Bernhardt".
- French painter Honore Daumier dies.
- Rodin's sculpture "John the Baptist" debuts.
- Millocker's "Grafin Dubarry" premiers in Vienna.
- Suppe's "Boccaccio" premiers in Vienna.
- Tchaikovsky's "Eugen Onegin" premiers in Moscow.
- Mary Cassat debuts "The Cup of Tea".
- Manet debuts "Dragon Walking at St. Reims".
Scientific and Technological Events of Consequence in 1879
- The first electric tram is exhibited by E.W. Siemens at the Berlin Trade Exhibition.
- Fahlberg and Remser discover saccharin.
- Nilson discovers scandium.
- London's first telephone exchange is established.
- Frozen meat from Australia goes on sale in London.
- Edison's workshop creates the first electric light bulb practical for mass production.
- Pavlov publishes his studies on animal behavior.
- Arc lamps are installed in San Francisco.
Unusual Events of Consequence in 1879
- Joseph Mason, a hermit wanted by the law for failing to support his estranged wife, uses a small army of trained rats to attack the officer sent to track him down.
- Walter Hubbell publishes his account of the haunting of Esther Cox, a young woman native to Amherst Canada.
- The "bosom ring", small rings pierced through the nipples, become popular among women in France.